united nations security council (UNSC)
CRISIS MANAGER: MEGGIE UNDERWOOD
CHAIR: TARA SUBRAMANIAM
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has been an integral part of the international security scene since its founding in 1945. With its unique structure, the UNSC brings together the Permanent 5 along with 10 rotating members to unite in the attempts to create peace and tackle global security issues. In the years of 1995 to 1996, these 15 countries are going to be faced with a wide range of issues from conflict in Iraq to Civil War in Nepal and mounting tensions in Africa. Delegates will face the challenge of coming up with innovative solutions to these conflicts in this committee. This committee will be a hybrid of a crisis-style and GA-style committee, challenging delegates to push the boundaries as they work in pairs to advance the goals of the country they represent.
Nepalese Civil War
Rising Tensions in Iraq
First Congo War
topic a: rising tensions in iraq
Multiple members of the United Nations Security Council have had challenging relationships with Iraq in the past decade. After Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded and annexed Kuwait in 1990, the United States led a military intervention against the invasion, devastating the Iraqi army. The UN got directly involved with Iraq after the Iraqi government repressed Shia and Kurdish uprisings through using chemical weapons. The UN has placed sanctions on Iraq until they destroy their chemical and biological weapons and agree to a ceasefire. Though these are events that happened in the early 1990s, the sanctions are still in place, and it is still believed that Iraq has chemical and biological weapons. Increased escalation is also happening in Iraq after Sadaam Hussein’s brother-in-law, Hussein Kamel, was brutally murdered. Kamel had previously defected to Jordan where he had cooperated with UN weapons inspectors. Though this further implicates the Hussein regime, people around the world are protesting for the removal of sanctions after UN reports on Iraq say that deaths of Iraqi children has increased by five-fold. The UNSC will have to decide how to react in light of the the death of Kamel, the protests of the sanctions, and the additional fact that it seems that Iraqi troops are moving closer and closer to Kuwait once again.
topic b: nepalese civil war
Nestled between India and China, Nepal is not only home to Mount Everest but also serves as a fertile ground as both its neighbors jockey to spread their influence and achieve regional superiority. In 1995, inspired by the teachings of Chinese Chairman Mao, a young politician named Prachanda took charge of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The following year, the Maoists in Nepal, lead by Prachanda, launched an insurgency to overthrow the ruling monarchy, kicking off an armed conflict between the CPN and the Nepalese government. This conflict as the potential to disrupt the fragile peace and alliances, as well as spark tensions between its neighboring countries. Even if members of the council do not support international intervention, the Security Council must ensure that this conflict does not escalate beyond its borders nor lead to further problems in the region.
topic c: first congo war
The foundation of the conflict in Zaire lies with the Rwandan genocide. After the killing of 800,000 in the ethnic conflict between the Hutus and Tutsis, over a million fled from Rwanda into the Eastern region of Zaire. The refugees in Zaire are both Hutus and Tutsis, continuing the conflicts within the refugee camps. Furthermore, a group of Hutus have continued to attack Rwanda from their position in east Zaire. In retaliation, the Rwandan government has begun to incite rebellion within east Zaire. War is breaking out between these two groups and while Zaire is trying to fight off the rebellion of Tutsis in the east, there is also the emergence of the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo, an army fighting against President Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire. Being the first global conflict in the already fragile region of Central Africa, the UNSC has to take action. With the condemnation of many for the lack of action that the UNSC took in the Rwandan genocide, the world is waiting for the UNSC to draft a resolution.